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From Red To Gray

Демографический ежегодник России. 2007

Демографический ежегодник Казахстана

Demographic outlook-2006

Общественное мнение-2007

По страницам журналов «Народонаселение» и «Общественные науки и современность»

Содержание журнала «Population Bulletin»

Web demoscope.ru



Volume 62, №. 1, March 2007

Population: A Lively Introduction. 5th Edition

by Joseph A. McFalls Jr.

In the newest edition of "Population: A Lively Introduction," McFalls introduces the basics of population studies in a way that everyone can understand. He explains how to calculate the total fertility rate (TFR)-the average number of children a woman will have given current birth rates-but also reviews the social and biological factors that affect when women have children and how many they will have. Cultural attitudes-for example, about when young people can engage in sex, whether to use birth control, how long to breastfeed a baby, and when women should or should not have babies-affect the TFR.
Likewise, the study of mortality is more lively and less certain than it would seem. More and more people are living past age 100, but we don't know what the upper limit to human life might be. No one has lived beyond 122 years and five months, as far as we know. And McFalls explains how the 2004 average life expectancy doesn't apply to any one person, because the chances of dying from any one thing change over a lifetime. Just as HIV/AIDS took the world by surprise as it devastated certain population groups and some entire countries, we might see unexpected medical breakthroughs that protect against HIV and slow aging.
McFalls discusses migration-the third big demographic variable-as well as key variables such as age structure that determine population size and change. He illustrates the relationship between slow population growth and aging, between immigration and ethnic composition, and he surveys the basic theories of population growth and change.
Updated with recent data, this new edition serves as a demography primer for anyone interested in the topic, which, according to McFalls, includes everyone.


Volume 62, №. 2, June 2007

Challenges and Opportunities-The Population of the Middle East and North Africa

by Farzaneh Roudi-Fahimi and Mary Mederios Kent

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) continue to fascinate and concern the rest of the world. With two-thirds of the world's known petroleum reserves, the region's economic and political importance far outweighs its population size. Yet, its demographic trends-especially the rapidly growing youth population-are beginning to attract notice as well. In 2007, the MENA region has about 432 million people, making it one of the least populous world regions (see figure). But rapid population growth rates-second only to sub-Saharan Africa-caused MENA's population to quadruple since 1950, and will propel its total to 700 million by 2050, exceeding the population of Europe in that year. This continuing growth is complicating the region's capacity to adapt to social change, economic strains, and sometimes wrenching political transformations.


Volume 62, №. 3, August 2007

World Population Highlights: Key Findings From PRB's 2007 World Population Data Sheet

by Population Reference Bureau staff


Volume 62, №. 4, December 2007

Immigration and America's Black Population

by Mary Mederios Kent

New flows of immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean are a growing component of the U.S. population. They are part of the racial and ethnic transformation of the United States in the 21st century. Although far outnumbered by nonblack Hispanic and Asian immigrants, the number of black immigrants is growing at a remarkable rate. More than one-fourth of the black population in New York, Boston, and Miami is foreign-born. Immigration contributed at least one-fifth of the growth in the U.S. black population between 2001 and 2006.
This Population Bulletin looks at black immigrants to the United States-what countries they are coming from, which states and metro areas they are living in, and what factors affected their entry into the United States.


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© Демоскоп Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

Демоскоп Weekly издается при поддержке:
Фонда ООН по народонаселению (UNFPA) - www.unfpa.org (c 2001 г.)
Фонда Джона Д. и Кэтрин Т. Макартуров - www.macfound.ru (с 2004 г.)
Российского гуманитарного научного фонда - www.rfh.ru (с 2004 г.)
Национального института демографических исследований (INED) - www.ined.fr (с 2004 г.)
ЮНЕСКО - portal.unesco.org (2001), Бюро ЮНЕСКО в Москве - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Института "Открытое общество" (Фонд Сороса) - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)

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