Rambler's Top100

№ 791 - 792
19 November - 2 December 2018

About the project

Institute of Demography at the National Research University 'Higher School of Economics'

front page

contents of issue

reading-room

annex

bulletin board

search

archives

Population censuses of the Russian Empire, USSR, 15 new independent states  


The First General Census of the Russian Empire of 1897.
Breakdown of population by mother tongue and districts* in 50 Governorates of the European Russia

Select a region from the list below**


Language or group of languages

Language or group of languages

Males

Females

Both sexes ***

 TOTAL

 

692667

572253

1 264 920

 Russian

 Great Russian

600345

493684

1 094 029

 Ukrainian

4291

912

5 203

 Belarusian

2015

926

2 941

 Total

606 651

495 522

1 102 173

 Polish

 

22812

13917

36 729

 Other Slavic languages

 Czech

279

135

414

 Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian

122

33

155

 Bulgarian

   

 Lithuanian-Latvian dialects

 Lithuanian

2993

770

3 763

 Samogitian

   

 Latvian

4104

2173

6 277

 Romance languages

 Moldavian and Romanian

   

 French

1111

2206

3 317

 Italian

298

198

496

 Spanish and Portuguese

   

 German

 

22662

28118

50 780

 Other Germanic languages

 Swedish

1751

2872

4 623

 Norwegian and Danish

114

84

198

 Dutch

   

 English

1035

1375

2 410

 Other Indo-European dialects

 Greek

208

47

255

 Albanian

   

 Armenian

527

226

753

 Persian

   

 Tajik

   

 Talysh

   

 Tat

   

 Kurdish

   

 Ossetic

   

 Hindu

   

 Gipsy

76

107

183

 Pashto

   

 Jewish

 

6273

5764

12 037

 Kartvelian dialects

 Georgian

154

49

203

 Imereti

   

 Mingrelian

   

 Svan

   

 Dialects of Caucasian hill-peoples

 Kabardian

   

 Circassian

   

 Abkhaz

   

 Chechen

   

 Ingush

   

 Kistin

   

 Avar-Andi

   

 Dargin

   

 Kyurin

   

 Udi

   

 Kasi-Kumuk and other Lezgian dialects

   

 Lezgian with no breakdown

   

 Finnish dialects

 Finnish

9804

11202

21 006

 Votyak

   

 Karelian

409

238

647

 Izhorian

3

3

6

 Chud

8

3

11

 Estonian

6431

5807

12 238

 Lappish

   

 Zyrian

38

12

50

 Permyak

   

 Mordovian

162

14

176

 Cheremis

   

 Vogul

   

 Ostyak

   

 Hungarian

   

 Turkish-Tatar dialects

 Tatar

3896

1046

4 942

 Bashkir

   

 Misher

   

 Teptyar

   

 Chuvash

   

 Karachay

   

 Kumyk

   

 Nogai

   

 Turkish

   

 Karapapak

   

 Turkmen

   

 Kyrgyz-Kaissak

   

 Kara-Kirghiz

   

 Kipchak

   

 Kara-Kalpak

   

 Sart

   

 Uzbek

   

 Taranchi

   

 Kashgar

   

 Turkic dialects with no breakdown

   

 Yakut

   

 Mongolian-Buryat dialects

 Kalmyck

   

 Buryat

   

 Mongolian

   

 Dialects of the other Nothern nations

 Samoyed

   

 Tungus

   

 Manchu

   

 Chukchi

   

 Koryak

   

 Kamchadal

   

 Yukaghir

   

 Chuvanian

   

 Eskimo

   

 Gilyak

   

 Ainu

   

 Aleut

   

 Yenisei Ostyak

   

 Languages of civilized peoples of the Far East

 Chinese

   

 Korean

   

 Japanese

   

 Other languages and dialects

 Arabic

   

  Aisor (Syro-Chaldean)

   

 Other languages

   

 Persons not specified mother tongue

 

92

47

139

 Remainder (****)

 

654

285

939

* The territorial units used in the Russian Empire in 1897 are translated here as follows: уезд (uyezd) - distriict, губерния (guberniya) - governorate, градоначальство (gradonachalstvo) - city municipality, военное губернаторство (voyennoye gubernatorstvo) - military governorate. The names of cities are translated according the usual dictionaries, if not found - taken from Wikipedia, if not found in both sources - transliterated.
** Here the language composition of population is given for the districts of the Russian Empire. In the census results the whole set of languages was published, however this DW page displays only the languages spoken by at least 100 persons of one sex (mainly males) in each governorate. Russian, Urkanian, and Belorussian are given in all regions.
*** Calculations by Demoscope Weekly
**** The last line "Remainder" is formed from the languages spoken by the population sized less than 200 at a territory. The census results published have no such line since all the languages were given including the languages spoken by only 1 person.
***** This and similar lines refer to the population of a territory without population of the district's center if it is not an urban settlement.

See also Перепись населения 1897 г. Распределение населения по родному языку, губерниям и областям (Population census of 1897. Breakdown of population by mother tongue, governorates, and oblasts).

Source:

  • Первая Всеобщая перепись населения Российской Империи 1897 г. Таблица XIII. Распределение населения по родному языку. Т.Т.1-50. С.-Петербург: 1903-1905 (The First General Census of the Russian Empire of 1897. Table XIII. Breakdown of population by mother tongue. Volumes 1-50. Saint-Petersburg: 1903-1905)
Back
Printer version
Top
Mass media registration certificate
Эл № ФС77-54569
of 21.03.2013.
demoscope@demoscope.ru
 © Demoscope Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

Demoscope Weekly is supported by:
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - www.unfpa.org (since 2001)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation - www.macfound.ru (since 2004)
The non-profit Dynasty Foundation - www.dynastyfdn.com (since 2008)
The Russian Foundation for Humanities - www.rfh.ru (2004-2007)
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) - www.ined.fr (since 2004)
UNESCO - portal.unesco.org (2001), UNESCO Moscow office - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Open Society Institute (Soros Foudation), Russia - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)