№ 554, April 2018
AIDS and the gender gap in life expectancy in Africa
Bruno Masquelier, Georges Reniers
In sub-Saharan Africa, the majority of people living with HIV are women.
Yet the number of AIDS-related deaths in this region is higher among men
and the gender gap in life expectancy has expanded in recent years. Bruno
Masquelier and Georges Reniers explain the reasons behind this paradox.
№ 555, May 2018
The health transition in a century of political upheaval: the case
of the Baltic countries
Jacques Vallin, Domantas Jasilionis, France Meslé
The modern history of the three Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia and
Lithuania has been profoundly marked by war and political upheaval.
Analysing changes in life expectancy in these countries over the last
century, Jacques Vallin, Domantas Jasilionis and France Meslé examine
the scars left behind by these disruptive historical events.
№ 556, June 2018
One in thirty children in France conceived through assisted reproductive
Elise de La Rochebrochard
The world’s first ‘test tube baby’, Louise Brown, will
turn forty on 25 July 2018. Elise de La Rochebrochard provides an overview
of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in France since its inception.
She specifies how many children conceived through ART are born in France
each year, explains the methods used and the proportion of children born
from gamete donation, and estimates the total number of births by ART from
№ 557, July-August 2018
Being a single man in rural China
Many men in China have no choice but to remain single – a
preoccupying situation, as this mass of unmarried men is perceived there as
a threat to the social order. Drawing on data from the DefiChine survey,
Isabelle Attané and her colleagues examine the factors of male
singlehood in rural China and call into question a number of common
assumptions held there, including the idea that men who cannot get married
are more inclined to engage in high-risk or socially disapproved practices.
№ 558, September 2018
Europe and the spectre of sub-Saharan migration
Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to represent 22% of the world’s
population in 2050, versus 14% today. The number of migrants originally
from this region should therefore increase. But by how much and toward
which destinations? François Héran situates African migration in
a global context of diasporas. He shows that the scenario for 2050, in
which sub-Saharan migrants make up 25% of Europe’s population, does
not stand up to scrutiny. The most realistic figure is five times less.