№ 1, August 2015
India Approaches Replacement Fertility
By Carl Haub and O.P. Sharma
This Population Bulletin updates a previous Bulletin
from 2006, India's Population Reality: Reconciling Change and Tradition.
Indias's population (currently at 1.3 billion) will exceed China's
before 2025 to make India the world's most populous country. India's
annual increase of about 19 million people contributes more to the
annual world population growth of about 89 million than any other
However, the most recent population data shows a country
headed for replacement level fertility-albeit, with notable regional
differences in fertility trends.
India is a country of diverse ethnic, linguistic, geographic,
religious, and demographic features. And, despite its emerging economic
power and multiple megacities, Indian life remains largely rooted
in its villages. Indeed, we argue in this Bulletin that deep-rooted
cultural traditions will have a bearing on the ability of different
regions of the country to reach replacement level fertility.
№ 2, December 2015
Aging in the United States
By Mark Mather, linda A. Jacobsen, and Kelvin M. Pollard
The current growth of the population ages 65 and older
is one of the most significant demographic trends in the history
of the United States. Baby boomers-those born between 1946 and 1964-have
brought both challenges and opportunities to the economy, infrastructure,
and institutions as they have passed through each major stage of
life. Although U.S. policymakers and others have had many decades
to plan for the inevitable aging of the baby boom cohort, it is
not clear that sufficient preparations have been made to meet baby
boomers' anticipated needs in old age.
The aging of the baby boom generation could fuel a 75
percent increase in the number of Americans ages 65 and older requiring
nursing home care, to about 2.3 million in 2030 from 1.3 million
in 2010, the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) projects in a new
The report, "Aging in the United States,"
examines recent trends and disparities among adults ages 65 and
older, and how baby boomers will reshape America's older population.
In 2016, baby boomers will be between ages 52 and 70.
№ 1, July 2016
Understanding the dynamics of family change in the United
By Alicia G. Vanorman and Paola Scommegna
Beginning in the 1960s - and accelerating over the last
two decades - changes in marriage, divorce, cohabitation, and nonmarital
childbearing have transformed family life in the United States.
The family continues to serve a primary role in raising children
and caring for elderly relatives.
But new family patterns and increased instability are
creating complex family and economic ties that often span multiple
households. These unstable living arrangements and complex family
relationships also affect the health and well-being of children
and adults, creating challenges for families and policymakers alike.