Institute of Demography

869 - 870
14 - 27 September 2020

ISSN 1726-2887

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Contents of Demoscope Weekly issue

## 821-822

World Demographic Barometer

World Population according to UN 2019 Revision estimates

  • The world's population has exceeded 7.7 billion people, with a 95% probability that by the end of the century it will be from 9.4 to 12.7 billion

  • 60% of the world's population lives in Asia, 17% in Africa, and by the end of the century these shares may be, respectively, 43% and 40%

  • The number of countries in which fertility does not provide simple reproduction has increased to 93, and the proportion of the world's population living in them has exceeded 47%

  • Life expectancy worldwide has reached 72.6 years, 52% of the world's population lives in countries with a higher life expectancy, including 10% in countries with a life expectancy of 80 years or more

  • Developed countries receive about 3 million net migrants annually

  • The world's population continues to age - the proportion of older people over the age of 65 has exceeded 9%, and by 2050 it could reach 16%

Take care of women!

  • Ministry of Labour proposes to shorten the list of professions prohibited for women

  • Sexual education does not lead to early sex, but helps protect adolescent health

  • New UN-Women report proposes program to eliminate gender inequality in families

  • Treatable sexually transmitted infections

In the vastness of Russia

  • Fertility drops to 10-year low

  • Average age at birth of first child in Russia is 26 years

  • 45% of Russians do not consider material support a stimulus to increased fertility

  • Russians marrying and divorcing less often

  • Residents of Tuva live six years less than Russian average

  • 21 million Russians have incomes below subsistence level

  • Regions with the highest incomes

  • The gap between the rich and the poor has decreased to 13 times

  • 12% of Russians earn over 75,000 rubles a month

  • In Russia, only 14% of families can be considered middle class

  • The level of child poverty in Russia has slightly decreased since 2015

  • Putin signs law on benefits for children under three years old

  • Government approves distribution of subsidies to regions for the implementation of national projects

  • More than a third of Russians would like to receive 30 thousand rubles a month after retirement

  • Russia faces labor shortage

  • Only 57% of Russians work in their specialty

  • The number of Russians not allowed to travel abroad has grown by a million over last six months

  • Russians may get electronic passports in two versions

  • Rosstat clarifies data on jump in influx of migrants to Russia

  • Putin simplifies issuance of Russian residence permits for certain categories of foreigners

  • Ministry of Labor proposes to redistribute quotas of foreigners working in Russia on a visa

  • In 13 regions of Russia more than 1% of the population has HIV

  • More than 20 thousand HIV-infected people died in Russia in 2018

  • Rosstat registers record number of children with cancer

  • Economic losses due to cancer deaths in Russia have been calculated

  • Regions are facing sanctions for high infant mortality

  • More than half a million abortions in Russia last year

  • In 30% of cases, couples cannot have children due to male infertility, in another 30% - due to female

  • Ministry of Health names regions with the highest rates of obesity

  • Chechnya now has the greatest number of disabled persons in Russia

  • In Russia, ambulances are called twice as often for retired women as for men

  • Workers over 40 will receive an additional day off once a year

  • Chukotka turns out to be the least criminogenic region of Russia

World news

  • Estonia will have a population of about 1.2 million people in 2080

  • Population of Seoul to shrink by 800,000 people in 5 years

  • Fertility in Latvia continues to decline

  • In 2017, about 5% of first-borns in Latvia were born to mothers under the age of 20

  • In Moldova, the average age of marriage is growing

  • 3 billion women and girls live in countries where marital rape is not illegal

  • The number of persons receiving Ukrainian citizenship by geographic place of birth is shrinking

  • Finland changes visa requirements for residents of the North-West of the Russian Federation

  • Armenian authorities speak of positive dynamics of migration balance

  • EU needs new treaty on migration and asylum

  • Italy will propose that EU take its approach to migrants

  • UN Human Rights Council criticizes Italy for tightening port of call rules

  • Trump proposes to tighten laws on the sale of weapons and migration

  • US authorities will restrict entry to the country to persons who have visited North Korea

  • The number of Ukrainians working in Poland has grown five-fold over the past five years

  • More and more labor migrants from Kazakhstan leaving for South Korea

  • Norway will deny benefits to migrants not studying Norwegian

  • Germany begins training refugees in sexual behavior

  • Is alcohol more dangerous than heroin?

  • Mortality from tuberculosis has decreased significantly in Belarus

  • Should smokers be paid for quitting?

  • In United States, creation of first ever publicly accessible map for assessing the risk of skin cancer

The newspapers write about

  • Novaya Gazeta, Forbes, Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Moskovsky Komsomolets on natural population decrease

  • Stratfor and RBK on net migration

  • Moskvich MAG on the population of Moscow

  • Nezavisimaya Gazeta and Kommersant on immigrants

  • EurasiaNet on the brain drain

  • Svenska Dagbladet on the migration crisis

  • Nezavisimaya Gazeta and RBK on pension reform

  • Forbes and IQ on vaccination

  • Novye Izvestia on optimization in medicine

  • Argumenty i Fakty on coding causes of death

  • Parlamentskaya Gazeta, Izvestiya and RBK on measures to increase fertility

  • RBK on life expectancy

  • RBK on HIV

  • RBK on tobacco and alcohol consumption

  • Forbes, IQ, Russkaya sluzhba BBC, Deutsche Welle and The Guardian on the family and parenthood

  • Kommersant and The American Interest on marriage and divorce

  • Svenska Dagbladet on birth control

  • TASS on loneliness

  • Forbes, IQ and RIA Novosti on violence

  • Gazeta.Ru on unemployment

  • RBK twice, Gazeta.Ru on poverty

  • FederalPress on the condition of pensioners

Read books and magazines

  • World Population 2019

  • European tobacco use. Trends report 2019

  • The Russian economy in 2018

  • Social status and living standards of the population of the Republic of Belarus

  • Atlas of migration 2018

  • Through the pages of the magazines Demograficheskoye Obozreniye (Demographic Review) and Uroven Zhizni Naseleniya Regionov Rossii (Living Standards of the Population of the Regions of Russia)

  • Contents of the journal Demographic Research

Profession: researcher

  • Zakhary Semenovich Bogatyrenko turns 90

  • Congratulations on the anniversary of Natalya Mikhailovna Kalmykova

  • Mordechai Altshuler (1932 - 2019) and his demographic legacy

  • In memory of Sidney Goldstein

Students Page

  • The right choice!

  • Students Summer Expedition: A Collective Diary

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© Demoscope Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

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