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17 February - 1 March 2020

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Institute of Demography at the National Research University 'Higher School of Economics'

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Contents of Demoscope Weekly issue

## 673-674

Current topic: Are deaths from accidental alcohol poisoning counted correctly?

  • There was no warning

  • A necessary comment on the organization of mortality statistics

  • What can be learned from comparing operative and annual data on causes of death

  • The specific character of causes of death according to different kinds of evidence

  • Distinguishing features of mortality statistics in Russia’s regions

  • Pitfalls of operative forecasting

  • An unexpected conclusion

  • Links to related topics

  • Topics of previous issues

World demographic barometer

  • Global mortality trends 2015

  • Every year around 56 million people die in the world, which is only 10% more than in the middle of the last century

  • Life expectancy exceeds 70 years in all major regions except Africa

  • The infant mortality rate continues to decline, but big differences between countries persist

  • The probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60 years of age ranges from 49 deaths per 1000 surviving to the age of 15 in Hong Kong to 584 per 1000 in Lesotho

  • 60% of the deceased were older than 60, 24% older than 80

  • Maternal mortality has declined to 216 deaths per 100,000 live births

Through the eyes of the analysts

  • Problems of illnesses and causes of death associated with alcohol in Belarus

  • Distinctive features of the reconstruction of continuous series of mortality indicators by causes of death in Russia

  • Self-assessment of health and self-preservation behavior of the rural population and summer residents of the Kostroma region

Q&A

  • The education system in Russia: 1991-2016

  • Russians on love

  • On premarital sex, adultery and same-sex relationships

  • The attitude to refugees from the Middle East

In the vastness of Russia

  • In 2015 the natural increase of the population of Russia came to 32,700 persons

  • The population size of St. Petersburg in 2015 increased by only half a percentage point

  • Fertility in the Moscow region has exceeded mortality for the first time in 25 years

  • Infant mortality has declined substantially in Russia

  • The authorities were afraid to leave the raising of the retirement age in the anti-crisis plan

  • Medvedev hands over the procedure of registration and residence permits to the Office of Multifunctional Migration Centers

  • Pensions to be raised by 4%

  • Do military mortgages have a beneficial effect on demographics?

  • Medvedev signs Strategy of actions in the interests of senior citizens

  • Over 15,000 people left the Far East in 2015

  • Will migrants return to Russia?

  • The introduction of work licenses in Moscow has reduced the number of illegal migrants

  • The number of illegal migrants in Russia from North Korea will shrink

  • In December 2015 Muscovites bought almost 25% less alcohol than a year before

  • Has the government considered lowering excise taxes on alcohol?

  • In Russia the number of abortions is shrinking

  • Patriarch calls for limiting the spread of abortion drugs

  • The problem of abortion cannot be solved by prohibiting the sales of drugs

  • Has the Ministry of Health reduced mortality from cardiovascular diseases by juggling statistics?

  • Only about 10% of Russian cancer patients receive innovative treatment

  • Mortality in Moscow detention facilities has decreased by 10% since 2012

  • Around 9,000 Russian schools were closed due to flu quarantine

  • In the second half of the year Russia may experience a shortage of medicines

  • The production of low-cost Russian medicines should not be stopped

  • Use of Russian Ebola vaccine in Guinea to start in autumn

Eurasian panorama

  • A record number of children were born in Belarus in 2015

  • Fertility in Moldova steadily declining

  • Belarusian have begun getting married and divorced less often

  • In Tajikistan the number of divorces and marriages has decreased

  • The population of Minsk has increased by 22,000 people over past year

  • Raising the retirement age in Belarus is inevitable, but needs to be discussed

  • In Kirgizia work has begun on organization of a unified state population register

  • Kazakhstan has increased the size of child allowances

  • Child care allowance in Moldavia increased by 10%

  • Human rights situation in Belarus has not improved

  • The number of women among the registered unemployed in Belarus has decreased

  • In Kazakhstan unemployed status will be redefined

  • Rada simplifies obtaining of citizenship for foreigners who serve in the army

  • Ban on entry to Russia being lifted for more and more citizens of Kirgizia

  • In Ukraine, more than 1.7 million displaced people

  • Have over 1.36 million citizens of Ukraine decided to settle in the Russian Federation?

  • The number of Tajik citizens in Russia for the year fell by almost 14%

  • Over 32,000 foreigners officially work in Kazakhstan

  • The volume of remittances from Russia to Armenia has shrunk by a third

  • The volume of remittances from migrant workers to Moldova has reached a minimum

  • In Uzbekistan only 13% of the population smokes

  • The main causes of death in Kirgizia are cardiovascular diseases

  • In Ukraine, a sharp rise in suicide statistics

  • Cancer mortality in Uzbekistan has decreased by 13% in last 15 years

  • In Moldova, cancer kills over six thousand people every year

  • Moldovan Ministry of Health intends to reduce cancer mortality by 7%

  • Oncologists plan to conduct screening of a third of the population of Belarus over next five years

  • Maternal mortality rate in Kirgizia is 38.7 per 100,000 live births

  • Mortality rate among pregnant women in Uzbekistan has decreased by 18% over 5 years

  • In Kirgizia, the number of teenage births declining

  • In Ukraine almost 200 people have died from the flu

  • Doctors in Turkmenia forbidden to drink and smoke

World news

  • Lithuania’s population has decreased by more than 1% over past year

  • Average life expectancy of Tibetans is 68.2 years

  • Latvia to create a Committee for Population Affairs

  • Estonia plans to raise retirement age to 65

  • Influx of migrants into Germany has offset fertility deficit

  • Brussels is the most cosmopolitan city in the world

  • Estonian employers urged to simplify hiring of foreigners

  • Turkey tightens visa regime with Iraq

  • Turkey asks EU for additional 5 billion euros to help refugees

  • Czech Republic and Slovakia will send Turkey €30.6 million to fight illegal migration

  • Europe expecting another million refugees in 2016

  • 67,000 refugees arrived by sea in the EU in January 2016

  • The number of migrants drowning in the Mediterranean Sea in January increased by 4.5 times

  • Could the influx of refugees into the EU lead to disaster?

  • First EU quota refugees arrive in Latvia

  • Sweden plans to deport about 80,000 immigrants who have not received refugee status

  • Germany to tighten rules for granting migrants asylum

  • Austrian Chancellor proposes to send Syrian refugees to Turkey

  • High Court of Australia considers lawful the detention of illegal migrants abroad

  • The Guardian bans comments on race and religion

  • WHO calls Zika virus a global threat

  • In continental Europe, the first registered case of Zika virus

  • Over three thousand pregnant women in Colombia have contracted Zika virus

  • UN urges countries to lift restrictions on abortion due to Zika virus

  • In India, a proposal to require that mothers determine the sex of their future child

  • UK allows experiments on human embryo genome editing

  • Australia may hold referendum on same-sex marriage

The newspapers write about…

  • “RBK” on demographic results of 2015

  • “Rossiyskaya gazeta” on demographic policy in Russia

  • “Polit.ru” on the demographic situation in Russia’s regions

  • “Ulnovosti.ru” on the futility of regional population policy

  • “Meditsinsksaya gazeta” on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related mortality

  • “Novosti Belarus” on the alcohol problem in Belarus

  • “Izvestiya” on a possible “ban” on banning alcohol energy drinks

  • “RBK” on the drop in the number of suicides in Russia

  • “Russkaya planeta” on suicides of women with infants

  • “Izvestiya” on murders in Russia

  • “Kommersant” on the reduction in the number of traffic accidents during the crisis

  • “Newsweek” on the problem of AIDS in Russia

  • “POLITRUSSIA” and “Izvestiya” on the Zika virus

  • “Novosti Belarusi” on the healthcare system in Belarus

  • “Vesti.md” on the demographic problems of small towns in Italy

  • “Gazeta.ru” on the rise in the number of abortions in Russia

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on male infertility

  • “Vedomosti” on lump sum payments from the maternity capital

  • “RBK” on the price of Schengen

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on refugees, Greece and Schengen

  • “Vedomosti” on the problem of refugees in Europe

  • “Le Point” on squeezing refugees out of Denmark

  • “The Guardian” on 10,000 missing refugee children in Europe

  • “Novaya gazeta” on Russia’s signing agreement on extradition of North Korean refugees

  • “Yle” on the attitude of Finnish Russians to refugees

  • “Le Monde” on Russian Germans in Germany

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on Russians in Central Asia

  • “Kommersant” on the change in conditions for granting Russian citizenship for investment

  • “Paruskg.info” and “Kommersant” on the outflow of foreign workers from Russia

  • “Novye izvestiya” and “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on temporary labor migration in Russia

  • “Ogonyok” on the market for domestic labor

  • “EurasiaNet” on the Russian crisis and poverty in Tajikistan

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on a bill in Ukraine to introduce visa regime for Russians

  • “Novosti Belarusi” on where a million Belarusian workers have gone

  • “Russkaya sluzhba BBC” on benefits in Europe

  • “Slon.ru” on breastfeeding

  • “Nauka i tekhnologii Rossii” on the demographic problems of the science of science

  • “Vedomosti” on technical progress and the labor market

  • “RBK” on the “garage economy”

  • “Slon.ru” on age and happiness

Read books and magazines

  • State of World Population 2015

  • Russian Statistical Yearbook 2015

  • France. Health Systems in Transition

  • Demographic changes and rhythms: towards an understanding of Belarusian society

  • People in the EU: who are we and how do we live? - 2015 edition

  • Through the pages of the journals “Sotsialnye aspekty zdorovya naseleniya” (“Social aspects of public health”) and “Voprosy ekonomiki” (“Problems of Economics”)

  • Contents of the “European Journal of Population”

Demographic digest

  • Happiness: Before and After the Kids

  • Internal Migration and Life Satisfaction: Well-Being Paths of Young Adult Migrants

  • Relationship satisfaction of European binational couples in the Netherlands

  • Mapping World Happiness and Conflict Through Global News and Image Mining

Profession: researcher

  • Migration issues in the post-war period and the contribution to their study by Victor Ivanovich Perevedentsev. Scientific seminar of the Institute of Demography of HSE

  • Happy birthday to Gayane Levonovna Safarova

  • Vladimir Kozlov turns 30: congratulations on his first milestone!

 
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Demoscope Weekly is supported by:
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The Russian Foundation for Humanities - www.rfh.ru (2004-2007)
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) - www.ined.fr (since 2004)
UNESCO - portal.unesco.org (2001), UNESCO Moscow office - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Open Society Institute (Soros Foudation), Russia - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)