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Vishnevsky Institute of Demography at the National Research University 'Higher School of Economics'

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Contents of Demoscope Weekly issue

## 667-668

Current topic: The third age: social well-being

  • The populations of different countries on the age scale

  • Position on the social ladder

  • Biological determinism?

  • Gender differences in the aging process

  • The age curve of income

  • Conclusion

  • Appendix

  • Links to related topics

  • Topics of previous issues

World demographic barometer

The aging of the world population, 2015

  • Estimates of the UN’s 2015 revision confirm the acceleration of the aging of the world population in the coming decades

  • An increasing proportion of the elderly population of the world is concentrated in the less developed countries

  • The elderly population is aging and is predominantly female

  • Of the cohort born in 1950-1955 about 40% of women and 30% of men will live to the age of 80

  • Life expectancy at age 60 has exceeded 20 years

  • Social transfers play a more significant role for the elderly in developed countries

Through the eyes of the analysts

  • Factors of inequality at the micro level

  • The “caring home”: caring for elderly relatives and problems of living together

  • The attitude to aging through the prism of the attitude to death

  • Potential segments of the population for expanding the customer base of commercial banks in the face of an aging population

Take care of women!

  • Russia occupies 50th place in terms of human development and 54th in terms of gender equality

  • Cash flows in EU countries are controlled by men

In the vastness of Russia

  • Natural increase of the population of the Russian Federation over 10 months came to 21,100 people

  • Russia is ahead of the West in the birth rate of second children

  • The Kremlin says there are no plans to raise the retirement age

  • Medvedev comments on the possibility of raising the retirement age

  • The increase in life expectancy may affect the retirement age

  • State Duma abolishes indexation of pensions for working pensioners

  • In State Duma a bill is introduced to extend the maternity capital program for two years

  • Families will be paid subsidies for third and subsequent children

  • Ministry of Labor will consider new measures to stimulate fertility in Russia

  • Nearly a third of single-parent families in Russia living in poverty

  • 20% of the working age population of Russia is not officially involved in the labor market

  • From those countries requiring Russian visas most often come Chinese, Germans and Americans

  • Quota for foreign workers in Russia for 2016 has been decreased by 22%

  • Are the number and earnings of labor migrants in Russia a clear indicator of the state of the economy?

  • 250,000 illegal migrants in Crimea

  • Senator wants to exempt Ukrainian migrants from Russian language exam

  • Russia votes down idea of testing newlyweds for HIV

  • In State Duma, a proposal to prohibit smoking for those under 21

  • Russia Ministry of Health preparing law on compulsory treatment of drunk drivers

  • Ministry of Health denies reports about growth of cancer mortality

  • Matviyenko calls for measures to reduce the number of abortions

  • Government restricts purchases of foreign drugs

  • Golodets promises to deal with insurers whose mortality rate of insured persons is higher than that of the general population

  • High-tech medical care will be paid for directly from the budget

  • Head of the Investigative Committee speaks out in favor of death penalty

European panorama

  • Population size of Ukraine for the year has decreased by 175,000 people

  • The number of children in Ukraine is decreasing catastrophically

  • In Kirgizia the number of births has increased

  • Maternal mortality remains high in Kirgizia

  • Infant mortality has been halved in Kazakhstan

  • There is an economic need to increase the retirement age in Belarus

  • Ukraine preparing for social security reform

  • Russia and Belarus share 50th place in the Human Development Index ranking

  • Moldova in 107th place on the Human Development Index

  • The death of every third child in Tajikistan occurs due to malnutrition

  • Every third divorce in Minsk occurs in the first four years of marriage

  • Kazakhstan takes 42nd place in gender equality rating

  • Starting in 2017, professional technical education in Kazakhstan will be free for all

  • Kirgizia experiencing a shortage of professional staff

  • Almost half of job seekers in Bishkek have higher education

  • Uzbekistan has approved creation of jobs for returnees from the Russian Federation

  • In Moldova, 6 applicants for every job opening

  • Agreement on simplifying visa regime between EU and Belarus has been signed

  • Will Ukrainians and Georgians soon be able to travel to the EU without a visa?

  • Migrant workers from Kirgizia will be able to get new passports only at home

  • Turchinov predicts exodus of Ukrainian workers from Russia

  • Over 150,000 Ukrainians have arrived in Belarus since the beginning of the conflict

  • Has migration to Russia become prestigious from Tajiks?

  • Belarusians won’t have to take Russian language exam

  • Refugees in Belarus will be provided the same rights to medical services as citizens

  • Labor migrants in Kazakhstan will be given help in treating tuberculosis

  • A quarter of people living with HIV in Uzbekistan are migrant workers

  • Uzbekistan has reduced mortality from myocardial infarction by 10%

  • UNICEF calls on Kirgiz government to ratify Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

  • CIS experts agree on draft program of cooperation in the treatment of diabetes

World news

  • Foreigners represent 6% of Finland’s population

  • Japanese Prime Minister explains why Japanese live so long

  • Mortality in Bulgaria is the highest in the EU

  • In Latvia neonatal mortality continues to decrease

  • Two is the ideal number of children in a Latvian family

  • Heads of state grow old and die earlier than ordinary citizens

  • Is Great Britain no longer a Christian country?

  • The “middle class” in the USA no longer represents the majority of the population

  • Court allows Japanese women to get married right after divorce

  • Lithuanians will be able to get married through social network

  • For modern women a registered marriage is equivalent to cohabitation

  • Finland preparing for radical reform of social benefits

  • Two thirds of British workers are planning to stay at their jobs after age 65

  • Latvia has begun construction of a wall on its Russian border

  • Arab countries have the highest proportion of migrant workers on the labor market

  • By the end of December the number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe by sea could reach a million

  • Nearly a million people are expecting or have already received refugee status in Germany

  • EU summit to discuss “trial period” for migrants

  • Cameron will not back down on tightening benefit payments to migrants for the sake of the EU

  • As of September Britain has received over a thousand migrants from Syria

  • Merkel not ready to limit the flow of refugees

  • Siemens has promised to train migrants who coming to Germany

  • According to Merkel, multiculturalism is a fraud

  • The number of Cuban migrants in Costa Rica has reached 5,000

  • In the USA the annual incidence of HIV has decreased by 19%

  • WHO calls for fight against foodborne disease

  • The decriminalization of abortion in Northern Ireland may be subject to a referendum

  • In Italy, the highest rate of sudden deaths is due to air pollution

  • A vaccine has been invented against dengue fever

The newspapers write about…

  • “Kommersant-Vlast” on aging and demographic waves

  • “Lenta.ru” on a new benchmark for pension reform

  • “Kommersant” and “RBK” on campaigning for raising the retirement age

  • “Novaya gazeta” and “Lenta.ru” on demographics and terrorism

  • “The Wall Street Journal” on demographics and the global economy

  • “Ogonyok” on human development and the crisis

  • “Economy Times” on “passive adaptation” to the crisis

  • “Economy Times” on inequality and the crisis

  • “Kommersant” and “Kommersant-Dengi” on the shrinking middle class

  • “Moskovskiy Komsomolets” on the budget deficit in Russian medicine

  • “Gazeta.ru” on saving money on health care

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on problems with health insurance

  • “Novye Izvestiya” and “Novaya gazeta” on fictive medical services

  • “Novye Izvestiya” on the dangers of import drug substitutions

  • “Novye izvestiya” on the problems of HIV and reduced funding

  • “Meditsinskaya gazeta” on a study of HIV-positive women

  • “Izvestiya” on premarital HIV testing

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on where Russians travel for treatment

  • “Paruskg.info” on health care problems in Turkmenistan

  • “SwissInfo” on the Nobel Prize in Medicine

  • “Project Syndicate” on inequality and mortality

  • “RIA FAN” on raising the drinking age

  • “Vedomosti” and “Haqqin.az” on the outflow of migrants from Russia

  • “Foreign Policy” on Chinese student migration

  • “Kommersant” on irresponsible Russian students

  • “Apostrof” on emigration from Ukraine

  • “Moldavskie vedomosti” on the Moldovan diaspora in Russia

  • “Lenta.ru” on the outflow of refugees from Austria

  • “Paruskg.info” on restricting the departure of recruits from Kirgizia

  • “Kommersant” on prolonging the maternity capital

  • “Argumenty i Fakty” on a World Russian Council

  • “Rossiyskaya gazeta” on a possible lowering of the marriage age in Bashkortostan

  • “Novaya gazeta” on female crime

  • “Atlatico” on women in the army and a reduction in its effectiveness

  • “Economy Times” on a regional view of the crisis

  • “Kommersant” and “Polit.ru” on misconceptions of Russians about social phenomena

Read books and magazines

  • The population of Russia 2013

  • The population of modern Russia: reproduction and development

  • Malignancies in Russia. A review of statistical information for the years 1993-2013

  • Public health aspects of migrant health: a review of the evidence on health status for labour migrants in the European Region

  • Labor migration, remittances and human development in Central Asia

  • Through the pages of the journals “Demograficheskoe obozrenie” (“Demographic Review”) and “Regionalnye issledovaniya” (“Regional Studies”)

  • Contents of “Population and Environment”

The reading room

  • The population of Russia 2013

Demographic digest

  • Internal displacement and the Syrian crisis: an analysis of trends from 2011–2014

  • The impact of Syrian refugees on the labor market in neighboring countries: empirical evidence from Jordan

  • Educational Assessment of Syrian Refugees in Turkey

  • Perceptions and newspaper coverage of Syrian refugees in Turkey

  • Measuring impact and the most influential works in Migration Studies

Profession: researcher

  • Round table “Demographic policy: expectations, results, prospects”. Meeting of the Demography section of the Central House of Scientists of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Happy birthday to Tatyana Leonidovna Kharkova

  • In memory of Igor Vasilyevich Bestuzhev-Lada

  • The essential publications of Igor Vasilyevich Bestuzhev-Lada

Satirical article

  • Father Frost and Pension. A Christmas Tale

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© Demoscope Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

Demoscope Weekly is supported by:
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - www.unfpa.org (since 2001)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation - www.macfound.ru (since 2004)
The non-profit Dynasty Foundation - www.dynastyfdn.com (since 2008)
The Russian Foundation for Humanities - www.rfh.ru (2004-2007)
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) - www.ined.fr (since 2004)
UNESCO - portal.unesco.org (2001), UNESCO Moscow office - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Open Society Institute (Soros Foudation), Russia - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)