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Contents of Demoscope Weekly issue

## 645-646

Current topic: Russian urbanization and urban housing

  • Urbanization is not only the dynamics of the urban population

  • Russian urbanization does not fit into classic schemes

  • The infrastructural “inadequacy” of housing and the lifestyle of city-dwellers

  • Housing construction and providing adequate “meters”

  • The “pulsation” of the population and seasonal housing

  • Conclusion

  • Links to related topics

  • Topics of previous issues

World demographic barometer

World urbanization assessment 2014

  • According to UN estimates, in 2014 the proportion of the world's population living in urban areas rose to 54%

  • In 1950 30% of the world population lived in urban areas, by 2050 it may exceed 66%

  • The number of mega-cities of 10 million or more has increased from 2 in 1950 to 28 in 2014, and by 2030 could rise to 37

  • Most of the large and mega-cities are located in the global “South”

Through the eyes of the analysts

  • The migration attractiveness of cities as an indicator of the post-Soviet transformation of urban space in Russia

  • Distinctive features of the multi-stage development of the Moscow agglomeration

  • RBK Study: Why Russian cities are dying out

  • A city cut off from the land, people tied to the city: polar Igarka

  • The population of Pacific Russia: a clear goal and free enterprise

Q&A

  • Participation in the census: a right or an obligation?

  • Children: their rights, the admissibility of parental and state control

  • The “invisible minority”: on the problem of homophobia in Russia

  • If I were a sultan, or polygamy in Russia and the Caucasus

  • The first experience of smoking and drinking alcohol

  • Priorities of state budget expenditures

In the vastness of Russia

  • Life expectancy in Russia reaches record high at 71 years

  • Total fertility rate planned for 2018 has already been achieved

  • Ministry of Health and the “Health” foundation argue about the causes of increased mortality

  • Since 2014 the population of Chechnya has increased by more than 32 thousand people

  • In the Far East the population outflow is down by one fourth

  • Decline in fertility in Far East is inevitable

  • Most Russians believe that the census should be mandatory

  • Matvienko proposes to launch a broad discussion of the retirement age in Russia

  • Pensions must be indexed in accordance with the law

  • Budget deficit of Pension Fund in 2014 came to 31 billion rubles

  • Labor ministry proposes to increase minimum wage by 20.7% from January 1, 2016

  • In Moscow minimum wage will rise to 16.5 thousand rubles as of June 1

  • The number of orphans and children without parental care has shrunk by 72% over 5 years

  • Astakhov proposes to penalize parents who leave children unattended

  • Mizulina introduces amendments to Family Code in State Duma

  • Head of Ministry of Labor proposes to discuss the issue of tax on parasitism

  • Matvienko supports the idea of depriving citizens not wanting to work of state support

  • The All-Russia People’s Front criticizes initiative to introduce payment for unregistered unemployed persons

  • The number of unemployed persons in April decreased by 83 thousand people

  • In Moscow City Council the incidence of HIV is reported to be down by 75%, a figure not confirmed by the Department of Health

  • Ministry of Health monitoring has found no cases of smoking in 93% of public eating establishments

  • Narcotic substances found in the blood of 1.2% of Moscow schoolchildren

  • Maternal mortality in Russia has reached a record low

  • Infant mortality from congenital malformations in Russia has decreased by 11.5% over four years

  • The number of minors who have had abortions has declined by 2.7 times over five years

  • State Duma to put bill on the abolition of free abortions up for pubic discussion

  • Church favors strengthening of control over private clinics conducting abortions

  • Public Chamber supports the idea of creating and distributing “baby boxes”

  • Ministry of Health will change vaccination schedule due to high mortality from acute respiratory infections and influenza

  • In Federation Council a proposal to punish parents refusing to vaccinate children

  • Hospital mortality from myocardial infarction in Moscow has declined by almost 2 times

  • In Russia the rabies situation has considerably worsened

  • Procedure for providing palliative care for children has been confirmed

  • In Novosibirsk a new way has been found of detecting a bacterium infecting two thirds of Russians

  • Russians name health as main criteria for quality of life

  • 69% of Russians don’t know about health care cuts

  • Deputies propose to pay for the sick leave only of participants in health care programs

  • Moscow Mandatory Health Insurance policy to be replaced by bank card

Eurasian panorama

  • Over a million of Georgia’s citizens live outside the country

  • In past 24 years about 1 million ethnic Kazakhs have returned to their historical homeland

  • Average Belarusian family living on $610 a month

  • UN will continue to seek payment from Kiev of pensions for all residents of Donbass

  • Pensions and salaries in Donetsk People’s Republic will be issued partially in US dollars

  • Ukrainian pensioners, invalids, Chernobyl victims and “Heaven’s Hundred Heroes” have been stripped of their benefits

  • IMF predicts double-digit inflation in Kirgizia and Tajikistan

  • In Belarus, unemployment has almost doubled

  • Unemployment in Georgia in 2014 lowest in 11 years

  • In Tajikistan about 62 thousand jobs created since beginning of the year

  • The number of internally displaced persons in Ukraine has increased to 1,316,000 people

  • European Union in no hurry to let in Ukrainian refugees

  • UN General Assembly adopts yet another resolution on refugees in Georgia

  • FMS lifts ban on entry into Russia of 2,215 citizens of Armenia

  • Kirgiz President stands up for workers on the Russian blacklist

  • The flow of migrant workers from Russia and Belarus to Kazakhstan has increased significantly

  • Tajikistan links reduction in labor migration of its citizens to tightening of Russian legislation

  • The number of workers from Tajikistan in Russia has decreased by 20%

  • Remittances from Kirgiz migrants have fallen by 37% over past four months

  • Will joining the EAEC improve the situation with remittances from Russia to Kirgizia?

  • World Bank predicts a 40% fall in remittances to Tajikistan

  • Bishkek to host international conference “Migration in Central Asia”

  • Over 6,400 people have been killed in the conflict in eastern Ukraine

  • About four million Ukrainian women have been victims of physical violence

  • One third of domestic crimes in Belarus committed by unemployed persons

  • Same-sex marriages are supported by 2.2% of the population in Belarus

World news

  • 600 million jobs must be created in world by 2030

  • Demographic situation in Lithuania is “a huge problem”

  • The number of hungry people in the world has fallen below 800 million

  • Average salary in Estonia in 2015 was 815 euros

  • In the UK, Islam has become the fastest growing religion in terms of numbers of followers

  • Muslims should adapt to the laws of France, and not vice versa

  • Grybauskaite proposes to radically change Lithuania’s Labor Code

  • Bulgaria gains support of Luxemburg on the issue of accession to the Schengen area

  • European Commissioner outraged by failure to give Latvian children citizenship

  • Interior Ministers of France and Germany call EC proposal on migrants unbalanced

  • Proposed EU solution to the problem of refugees is unacceptable for Lithuania

  • Estonia shocked by necessity of accepting 1,064 refugees from Africa

  • New government of Finland is against quotas for Syrian refugees

  • Latvia considers 6 thousand euros per refugee too little

  • The Vatican considers quotas for accepting refugees immoral

  • Bulgaria has exhausted possibilities for accepting illegal migrants

  • Malaysia will not be able to resolve the issue of refugees within the year

  • Over a thousand people became victims of violence in Iraq in May

  • Number of victims of heat wave in India exceeds 800 people

  • Canadian court orders tobacco companies to pay smokers 12 billion dollars

  • 11,145 people have died from the Ebola virus since the beginning of the epidemic

  • UN Secretary-General urges not to relax efforts to combat spread of Ebola virus

  • Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is growing faster than the creation of new medicines

  • Mankind faces infection disaster

  • Smoking and obesity, paradoxically, reduce the likelihood of death from stroke

  • World Health Assembly endorses WHO reform

  • Nebraska becomes 19th US state to abolish death penalty

  • World’s first murder took place in Spain 430,000 years ago

 

The newspapers write about…

  • “Nezavisimaya Gazeta” on the demographic situation in Russia

  • “Novaya Gazeta” on the causes of increased mortality in Russia in early 2015

  • “Novye izvestiya” on murders in Russia

  • “Polit.ru” on mortality in the USA

  • “Novye izvestiya” on mortality from India’s heat wave

  • “Ogonyok” on the socio-demographic problems of Russia

  • “Novye izvestiya” on Germany’s low fertility

  • “Sverigesradio” on economic incentives for egg donation in Switzerland

  • “Ekho Moskvy” and “Ekspress-gazeta online” on the idea of banning abortion

  • “Novye izvestiya” on the Government’s attitude to the abolition of free abortions

  • “Ogonyok” on the new wave of opposition to abortion

  • “Ogonyok” on the “wedding of the century” and “Chechen traditions”

  • “Izvestiya” on the attitudes of Russians to polygamy

  • “Russkiy reporter” on alcohol consumption in the world

  • “Ogonyok” on alcohol consumption and female alcoholism

  • “Gazeta.ru” on smoking in the world

  • “Slon.ru” and “Kommersant” on the fight against smoking

  • “Kazakhstanskaya Pravda” on smoking in Kazakhstan

  • “Telegraf” on the population of the Donetsk People’s Republic

  • “Chas” on demographic problems of Latvia

  • “Paruskg.info” on the population of Kirgizia and migration

  • “RBK” on 5 million people with dual citizenship

  • “Ekho” on dual citizenship in Azerbaijan

  • “Novaya gazeta vo Vladivostoke” on demographic and migration problems of the Far East

  • “Ekspert-Kazakhstan” on the consequences of Kirgizia entering the EAEC

  • “Slon.ru” on labor migration of minors from Tajikistan

  • “Radio Bolgaria” on children of Bulgarian migrants

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on Europe’s immigration problems

  • “The New York Times” on Ukrainian refugees in Europe

  • “Novaya gazeta” on “boat people”

  • “Kommersant” on giving social benefits only to people in need

  • “Kommersant” on a registry of persons with disabilities

  • “Dengi” on helping the elder generation

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” and Novye izvestiya” on Russia’s pension problem

  • “Zerkalo nedeli” on the retirement age in Ukraine

  • “Kommersant” and “Ekspert” on economic inequality

  • “Kommersant” on the economic consequences of small business moving into the shadow

  • “Kommersant” on the fight against shadow employment

  • “Dengi” on the economic effectiveness of forced labor

  • “RBK” on the influence of religion on one’s financial situation

  • “Ogonyok” on the crisis, paternalism and happiness

  • “Kommersant” on the attitude of Russians to mandatory participation in the census

  • “Daily Mail” on anti-racist sleep

Read books and newspapers

  • Compatriots and the historic homeland: mutual discourses and practices

  • Improving the environment and health in Europe: how far have we gotten?

  • Being Young In Europe Today - 2015 Edition

  • World Urbanization Report 2014 Revision. Highlights

  • Regions of Russia. The main socio-economic indicators of cities. 2014

  • Through the pages of the journals “Demographicheskoye obozreniye” (“Demographic Review”) and “Obshestvennye nauki i sovremennost” (“Social Sciences and Modernity”)

  • Contents of the “Journal of International Migration and Integration”

Profession: researcher

  • Demographic losses of the USSR and Russia in the first half of the 20th century. Meeting of the Demographic Section of the Central House of Scientists of the RAS

  • “Mify i fakty v izuchenii stareniya i prodolzhitelnosti zhizni” (“Myths and Facts in the study of aging and longevity”) Public lecture in HSE

  • 65 years since the birth of Nikolai Borisovich Barkalov

The reading room

  • N.B. Barkalov. Modeling of demographic transition

Satirical column

  • The evil of abortion and goodness with fists

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© Demoscope Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

Demoscope Weekly is supported by:
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - www.unfpa.org (since 2001)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation - www.macfound.ru (since 2004)
The non-profit Dynasty Foundation - www.dynastyfdn.com (since 2008)
The Russian Foundation for Humanities - www.rfh.ru (2004-2007)
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) - www.ined.fr (since 2004)
UNESCO - portal.unesco.org (2001), UNESCO Moscow office - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Open Society Institute (Soros Foudation), Russia - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)