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Vishnevsky Institute of Demography at the National Research University 'Higher School of Economics'

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Contents of Demoscope Weekly issue

## 623-624

Current topic: Russian population losses in World War I

  • War and “the peace that wasn’t”

  • The complexities of seeking the truth

  • Russia’s population by the end of the war was 110 million instead of the expected 195

  • Irrecoverable losses

  • Russian war losses surpassed those of other powers

  • Instead of a conclusion

  • Links to related topics

  • Topics of previous issues

World demographic barometer

Mortality from homicide in the world in 2012

  • Every year over 1.3 million people die due to violence, or 2.5% of all deaths

  • Information about murders is incomplete; 60% of all countries do not have reliable data records of deaths by cause of death

  • WHO estimates that in 2012 475 thousand people became the victims of murder; compared with the year 2000, deaths from homicides decreased by 16%

  • 48% of homicides are committed with firearms, but this varies considerably according to region and country

  • Mortality from homicide varies considerably across countries within regions

Through the eyes of the analysts

  • Socio-demographic results of the First World War in Russia in Russian scientific literature at the turn of the 1920s

  • The impact of the First Word War on demographic processes in Russia

  • On the question of the natural movement of the population in Russia and in the USSR in 1915-1923

  • The number of members and casualties in the Russian armed forces in World War I

  • Lost generations: The demographic impact of the Great War

Interactive poll

  • Should abortion be criminalized?

Take care of women!

  • Abortions and contraception in Russia: are there regional differences?

In the vastness of Russia

  • Fertility in the Russian Federation in 2014 is expected to reach 1.9 million persons

  • Mortality in Russia decreased by 0.8%

  • The average old-age pension in 2015 will rise to 12.5 thousand rubles

  • Pensions and payouts to state employees will be indexed

  • Most Russian workers support the introduction of corporate pensions

  • Russian authorities will try to keep social commitments

  • The social standard for pensioners in Moscow will remain at 12 thousand rubles

  • Cabinet intends to prolong the maternity capital

  • Government to discuss subsidies for needy families

  • The number of orphans without foster homes has decreased to 90 thousand

  • Finns won’t be able to adopt Russian children

  • Should working women in Russia be paid 10% more than men?

  • Russian Ministry of Labor is not yet registering a growth in unemployment

  • Federation Council approves introduction of subsidies for employers attracting workers from the regions

  • Pamfilova does not rule out Russia’s having to reconsider its immigration policy

  • The number of foreigners in Moscow receiving Russian citizenship increased by 8%

  • Cabinet to discuss the 90-day stay of citizens of Belarus in Russia

  • The numbers of legal and illegal migrant workers in Russia are nearly equal

  • More than 700 thousand patents issued this year to foreigners in Moscow

  • Flagrant violators of immigration legislation banned from entering Russia for 10 years

  • Automatic ban on entering Russia for violations concerns 1.2 million foreigners

  • Investigation Committee proposes to introduce mandatory fingerprinting and genomic registration for migrants

  • 225 thousand citizens of Ukraine have received temporary asylum in Russia

  • Regions given subsidies to help with voluntary resettlement of refugees from Ukraine

  • The head of the Federal Drug Control Service proposes to simplify the sale of narcotic medicines

  • Ministry of Health announces possibility to prevent 40% of neonatal deaths

  • Head of Bashkortostan has promised to fire chief physicians in the event of an increase in mortality

  • Putin orders that transition to insurance principles of Mandatory Medical Insurance be completed by January 1, 2016

  • Treatment protocols to be introduced into Moscow health care system

  • New equipment allows manyfold reduction of length of stay in Moscow clinics

Eurasian panorama

  • The shrinking and aging of Ukraine’s population is intensifying each year

  • Over 4 thousand victims of conflict in Ukraine

  • In 2014 Tajikistan’s population rose by nearly 148 thousand people

  • Belarus to receive $1.14 million for population project

  • Belarusians to be given $10 thousand for a third child

  • GDP of Uzbekistan may drop by a third due to falling incomes of migrants in Russia

  • Devaluation of ruble is beginning to impact the economy of Kirgizia

  • Belarus Council of Ministers has increased the minimum wage

  • In Ukraine, salary delays beginning

  • Uzbekistan pension is 41% higher than average salary

  • Around 50 thousand Kazakhs have left the countryside since 2014

  • Ukraine’s lustration law has already led to firing of over 350 officials

  • Venice Commission recommends that Kiev amend law on lustration

  • UN plans to provide support for 250 thousand persons in Ukraine with Russia’s help

  • Unemployment in Kazakhstan rose to 5.1% in November

  • Around 400 thousand jobs to be created for those returning to Uzbekistan

  • 20 thousand inhabitants of Uzbekistan want to change their citizenship to Russian

  • In 2014, 1,617 people sought asylum in Georgia

  • Ukrainians fleeing the crisis and the war to work in the EU and Russia

  • Volume of remittances to Belarus grew throughout 2014

  • Income of migrants from Kirgizia to Russia decreased by 30-40%

  • 404 migrants from Kirgizia killed abroad over past two years

  • Belarus wants to prolong the lives of the terminally ill so as not to spoil the mortality statistics for 2014

World news

  • About 230 million children in the world live in countries affected by armed conflict

  • The exact number of Lithuanians in the world has been calculated

  • Estonia’s ruling party promises to give 300-euro allowance for a third child

  • In Montenegro 8.6% of citizens live below the poverty line

  • One in five people in Bulgaria is below the poverty line

  • In Estonia, only a fourth of workers counting on a raise

  • Russian pensioners in Latvia worried about their income

  • Lithuanians hoping for a comfortable old age pension

  • UNICEF has requested more than $900 million to assist children in Syria

  • One in thirty children in the U.S. is homeless

  • In Latvia, nearly a hundred schools have been closed over past 5 years

  • Greece, Italy, Poland and France to receive ˆ35,5 million to fight unemployment

  • More and more Italians leaving the country

  • In 2014 22 thousand Latvians left their country

  • 40% of Latvians ready to emigrate

  • 23 Ukraine citizens have requested asylum in Slovakia

  • Estonia refuses to grant asylum to all refugees from Ukraine

  • EU to allocate an additional ˆ70  million to Turkey to assist refugees

  • Estonia needs to integrate its “new immigrants” better

  • 200 thousand people have already become victims of conflict in Syria

  • The number of Ebola victims has reached 6,841 persons

  • In West Africa there are still about a hundred breeding grounds for the spread of the Ebola virus

  • EU has allocated ˆ61 million to West Africa to combat the consequences of Ebola

  • Mali will be free of Ebola by January

  • Mortality from malaria in the world has gone down by 45% since the year 2000

  • In the Dominican Republic more than 60 people have died from dengue fever since the beginning of the year

  • Nearly 800 children have died in the U.S. over the last six years due to parental negligence

  • As of January 1, 2015 the smoking ban in South Korea will be extended to all eating and drinking establishments

  • French Parliament to consider a new law on euthanasia methods

  • Finnish Parliament votes in favor of resolution to allow same-sex unions

The newspapers write about…

  • “Novye Izvestiya” on the demographic situation in Russia

  • “Nezavisimaya Gazeta” on the reduction of mortality in Russia as a temporary success

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on increased mortality on payday

  • “Kommersant” on the reduction of financing norms of Mandatory Health Insurance

  • “Izvestiya” on regional models of health care organization

  • “Courier.co.il” on a universal rise in life expectancy

  • “Nezavisimaya gazeta” on violence in the world

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on the slaughter in Rwanda 20 years ago

  • “Lenta.Ru” on the impact of war on the newborn

  • “Lenta.ru” on child mortality in India

  • “Slon.ru” on damage to the economy from supermicrobes

  • “Lenta.ru” on microbes and human longevity

  • “Izvestiya” on the right to abortion and the Constitutional Court

  • “The New Republic” on maternity leave in the USA

  • “Gazeta.ru” on the maternity capital for buying a car

  • “Vecherniy Minsk” on the maternity capital in Belarus

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on poverty and social assistance

  • “Pravda.com.ua” on the middle class in Ukraine

  • “Paruskg.info” on a study of the labor market in Bishkek

  • “Kommersant” on problems of the pension system

  • “Ekspert” on pension systems

  • “Kommersant” on differences between pension reform in Russia and in other countries

  • “Izvestiya” on labor exchanges for pensioners

  • “Ubr.ua” on a possible increase in the retirement age in Ukraine

  • “Ogonyok” and “Novye Izvestiya” on Ukrainian refugees

  • “Kommersant” on migrants and xenophobia

  • “Kommersant” on special schools for children of migrants

  • “Izvestiya” on a center for migrants in Domodedîvo

  • “Novye Izvestiya” on deporting HIV-positive foreigners from Russia

  • “Asia-Plus” on restrictions on participation in elections at home for Tajik migrants

  • “Delo.kg” on Chinese in Kirgizia

  • “Izvestiya” on internal migration in Russia

  • “Slon.ru” on Russian cities

  • “Bolshoy Gorod” on the exodus from the Russian provinces

  • “Kommersant” on the first results of the census in Ñrimea

  • “Kommersant-Dengi” on the history of divorce and alimony

  • “Lenta.ru” on the Bushmen as once the most numerous people

Read books and magazines

  • Forecasting migration between the EU, V4 and Eastern Europe: the impact of visa abolition

  • Migrants, migrantophobia and migration policy

  • Social integration of migrants in the context of social security (the case of the Republic of Tatarstan)

  • Key figures on Europe – 2014 edition

  • Estonia.  Health Systems in Transition

  • Through the pages of the journals “Sotsialnye aspekty zdorovya naseleniya” (“Social aspects of public health”) and “Vestnik RAMN” (“Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Medical Science”)

  • Contents of the journal “Population & Sociétés”

Profession: researcher

  • Presentation of the twentieth annual demographic report “The Population of Russia”

  • Boris Alexandrovich Revich turns 70

New in the reading room

  • The population of Russia 2012.  Twentieth annual demographic report

  • Russia in the World War of 1914-1918 (in figures)

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© Demoscope Weekly
ISSN 1726-2887

Demoscope Weekly is supported by:
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - www.unfpa.org (since 2001)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation - www.macfound.ru (since 2004)
The non-profit Dynasty Foundation - www.dynastyfdn.com (since 2008)
The Russian Foundation for Humanities - www.rfh.ru (2004-2007)
Institut national d'études démographiques (INED) - www.ined.fr (since 2004)
UNESCO - portal.unesco.org (2001), UNESCO Moscow office - www.unesco.ru (2005)
Open Society Institute (Soros Foudation), Russia - www.osi.ru (2001-2002)